Step 7: ASSISTED REPRODUCTION TECHNIQUES
- There is a range of modern techniques to assist the natural process of fertilization. These can sometimes be outside of the body (this is called in vitro fertilization – IVF) and some involve introducing sperm into the woman’s body, along with increasing the number of eggs released at the time of ovulation, for fertilization to take place (this is called super ovulation combined with intrauterine insemination – IUI).
- If the previous treatment steps have not been successful, your doctor may suggest using donor eggs or sperm as part of these techniques.
- Some of the other assisted reproduction techniques that you may hear include intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT).
How long should this stage last?
- The duration will depend on what treatment is used, so discuss with your doctor the length of time each treatment will take.
Questions about Assisted Reproduction Techniques
- How long has this clinic offered this procedure?
- Which procedure has the greatest chance of success for us?
- Can you provide an information sheet describing the treatment?
- What are the side effects of this treatment?
- What are our chances of having a baby if we have this treatment at this clinic?
- How long will we have to be on this treatment before stopping or trying another treatment?
- What are the risks of multiple pregnancies?
- What should we do next if this treatment does not work?
- What support or counselling is available?
- What are the costs involved with this treatment and are they reimbursed?
The information provided in this article was adapted from THE ACT PATHWAY BOOKLET developed by The Assisted Conception Taskforce (ACT). ACT is an international group of healthcare professionals and patient representatives from 17 countries with a specialist interest/expertise in conception difficulties. ACT aims to provide education, advice and support to couples experiencing conception difficulties by raising awareness of the issue. ACT has been supported by an unrestricted educational grant from Merck Serono S.A. Find information on ACT initiatives at www.assistedconception.net